Hip dysplasia is a congenital condition that is often diagnosed in babies or children. One way hip dysplasia develops in pediatric patients is when the ball of the thigh bone (femur) does not fit snugly into the socket of the pelvis (hip joint). This looseness can allow for dislocation, or partial displacement, of the ball from its socket.
Symptoms of hip dysplasia include hearing a popping or clicking sound in the baby’s hip, limb length differences, abnormalities in leg movement, and limping. The condition can cause abnormalities or complete dislocation of the hip.
Hip dysplasia can be treated via bracing, full-body casts, and surgery. In this blog, we will discuss pediatric orthopedic surgery as a treatment for hip dysplasia.
Surgery to Correct Hip Dysplasia in Children
The type of surgery performed to fix hip dysplasia in a child will depend on the severity of the hip dysplasia. For mild cases, surgeons may simply need to move the thigh bone into its proper position within the hip socket. For this treatment method, the surgeon may use either an open reduction (requires incisions) or closed reduction (requires no incision) technique. More severe cases of hip dysplasia may require an osteotomy, where the socket is detached from the pelvis and repositioned, so it is in alignment with the ball part of the joint.
After surgery, babies will need to wear a full body cast for months, while children need assistive devices for walking to prevent putting their full weight on the affected hip. Physical therapy is important to help regain strength and mobility in the hips. Most kids make a full recovery and are able to return to all their usual activities without any restrictions. Babies and children have an amazing ability to heal, and as worrying as surgery may be, you can minimize risks by placing them in the hands of an experienced pediatric orthopedic surgeon.
Hip Dysplasia Risks and Complications
Certain risks for hip dysplasia in babies include being born in a breech position. Doctors know how to screen for hip dysplasia, such as by moving the baby’s legs in different positions to check for any abnormalities. Early intervention is key to positive outcomes. Very young babies (under six months of age) can be treated with non-surgical methods, and approximately 85 percent resolve their hip dysplasia this way.
If left untreated, hip dysplasia can cause developmental problems and complications. Pain, loss of function, and arthritis have been associated with hip dysplasia.
Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon in Pembroke Pines and Lauderdale Lakes, FL
For such a specialized procedure, trust only the pediatric orthopedic surgeons at Total Orthopaedic Care for your child’s hip dysplasia treatment. Our surgeons are well-trained and highly experienced in treating infants, children, and adolescents with a wide variety of orthopedic conditions.
We have great empathy for young patients with orthopedic challenges, and this fuels our drive and commitment to treatment excellence. Nothing makes us happier than seeing our patients live happy, healthy, and active lives. To schedule an appointment with us, call our office today at (954) 735-3535 or use our convenient online request form.